NRA-ILA | Mississippi Gun Laws (2023)

Antiques

Mississippi statutes are silent on antique and replica firearms. They are treated as ordinary firearms.

Carrying

It is unlawful to carry concealed any pistol or revolver, a rifle with a barrel of less than 16 inches in length, shotgun with a barrel of less than 18 inches in length, machine gun, or any muffler or silencer for firearms, whether or not accompanied by a firearm. This prohibition does not generally apply to a person otherwise lawfully carrying a pistol or revolver in a belt or shoulder holster or in a purse, bag, or other case.

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The Dept. of Public Safety “shall issue” a license to carry a concealed pistol or revolver to an applicant who is 21, been a resident of the state for over 12 months, or to a person with a valid out of state license, or is on active military duty, or a retired law enforcement officer seeking residency, and does not suffer from a physical infirmity which prevents the safe handling of a handgun, is not a drug or alcohol abuser, is not a convicted felon or fugitive from justice, has no mental problems, has no violent misdemeanor convictions within the last 3 years, and is not prohibited from possessing a firearm under federal law. The applicant must submit fingerprints, a full-face photograph, pay a fingerprint fee and $100 license fee. The license must be issued within 45 days of application and is valid for 5 years. The Dept. of Public safety shall notify each licensee 90 days before the expiration of the license. The renewal fee is $50, $25 for persons’ age 65 or older, plus fingerprint fee. The first renewal may be processed by mail and the subsequent renewal must be made in person. Thereafter, every other renewal may be processed by mail to assure that the applicant must appear in person every 10 years for the purposes of obtaining a new photograph.

Any person holding a valid un-revoked and unexpired license to carry concealed pistols or revolvers issued in another state shall have such license recognized by this state to carry concealed pistols or revolvers, provided that the issuing state authorizes license holders from this state to carry concealed pistols or revolvers in such issuing state and the appropriate authority has communicated that fact to the Department of Public Safety.

The license does not authorize the carrying of a handgun in a courthouse, detention or police facility, polling place, meeting of a government or legislative body, public park, school, college, professional athletic event, place of worship, parade or demonstration, premises posted “carrying of a pistol or revolver is prohibited,” or where prohibited by federal law. It is unlawful to carry a firearm in any portion of an establishment licensed to dispense alcoholic beverages for consumption on the premises that is primarily devoted to dispensing alcoholic beverages; any portion of an establishment in which beer or light wine is consumed on the premises, that is primarily devoted to such purpose; the passenger terminal of any airport, except if the firearm is encased for shipment.

It is lawful for concealed firearms1to be carried by a game and fish law enforcement officer, an investigator employed by the Attorney General, and a deputy fire Marshall or investigator employed by the State Fire Marshall while engaged in the performance of their duties as such.

It is unlawful for any parent, guardian or custodian to knowingly permit any child under the age of eighteen (18) years of age to have, own or carry concealed, in whole or in part, any weapon the carrying of which concealed is prohibited.

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Machine Guns

It is lawful to possess a machine gun that is legally registered and possessed in compliance with all federal laws and regulations.

Miscellaneous

It shall be unlawful for any person “not duly authorized under federal law” to make, manufacture, sell or possess any firearm muffler or silencer or armor piercing ammunition “as defined in federal law.”

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Generally, no unit of local government may adopt an ordinance that restricts the possession, transportation, sale, transfer, or ownership of firearms or ammunition or their components. No local unit of government may regulate the discharge of shotguns, air guns BB guns or bow and arrow on tracts of land over 10 acres. No local unit of government may regulate the discharge of center-fire or rimfire rifles, pistols, revolvers or muzzleloaders on tracts of land over 50 acres in size.

(Video) Concealed, open, and constitutional carry, Mississippi laws

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Possession

No state permit is required to possess a rifle, shotgun or handgun.

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It is unlawful for a person convicted of a felony to possess a firearm, unless such person has received a pardon for such felony, has received a relief from disability under federal law, or has received a certificate of rehabilitation. A person may apply to the court in which he was convicted for a certificate of rehabilitation. The court may grant a certificate upon a showing that the applicant has been rehabilitated and has led a useful, productive and law-abiding life since the completion of his sentence and upon the finding that he will not be likely to act in a manner dangerous to public safety.

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Preemption

The state legislature generally preempts all areas of firearm and ammunition regulation.

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MISS. CODE ANN.§ 45-9-51. Certain ordinances prohibited

Subject to the provisions of Section 45-9-53, no county or municipality may adopt any ordinance that restricts or requires the possession, transportation, sale, transfer or ownership of firearms or ammunition or their components.

MISS. CODE ANN.§ 45-9-53. Exemptions

(1) This section and Section 45-9-51 do not affect the authority that a county or municipality may have under another law:

(a) To require citizens or public employees to be armed for personal or national defense, law enforcement, or another lawful purpose;

(b) To regulate the discharge of firearms within the limits of the county or municipality. A county or municipality may not apply a regulation relating to the discharge of firearms or other weapons in the extraterritorial jurisdiction of the county or municipality or in an area annexed by the county or municipality after September 1, 1981, if the firearm or other weapon is:

(Video) Mississippi’s gun laws unchanged after Supreme Court ruling

(i) A shotgun, air rifle or air pistol, BB gun or bow and arrow discharged:

1. On a tract of land of ten (10) acres or more and more than one hundred fifty (150) feet from a residence or occupied building located on another property; and

2. In a manner not reasonably expected to cause a projectile to cross the boundary of the tract; or

(ii) A center fire or rim fire rifle or pistol or a muzzle-loading rifle or pistol of any caliber discharged:

1. On a tract of land of fifty (50) acres or more and more than three hundred (300) feet from a residence or occupied building located on another property; and

2. In a manner not reasonably expected to cause a projectile to cross the boundary of tract;

(c) To regulate the use of property or location of businesses for uses therein pursuant to fire code, zoning ordinances, or land-use regulations, so long as such codes, ordinances and regulations are not used to circumvent the intent of Section 45-9-51 or subparagraph (e) of this section;

(d) To regulate the use of firearms in cases of insurrection, riots and natural disasters in which the city finds such regulation necessary to protect the health and safety of the public. However, the provisions of this section shall not apply to the lawful possession of firearms in the home, place of business or in transit to and from the home or place of business;

(e) To regulate the storage or transportation of explosives in order to protect the health and safety of the public, with the exception of black powder which is exempt up to twenty-five (25) pounds per private residence and fifty (50) pounds per retail dealer;

(f) To regulate the carrying of a firearm at: (i) a public park or at a public meeting of a county, municipality or other governmental body; (ii) a political rally, parade or official political meeting; or (iii) a nonfirearm-related school, college or professional athletic event; or

(g) To regulate the receipt of firearms by pawnshops.

(2) The exception provided by subsection (1)(f) of this section does not apply if the firearm was in or carried to and from an area designated for use in a lawful hunting, fishing or other sporting event and the firearm is of the type commonly used in the activity.

MISS. CODE ANN.§ 45-9-55. Employee parking lots; employer liability

(1) Except as otherwise provided in subsection (2) of this section, a public or private employer may not establish, maintain, or enforce any policy or rule that has the effect of prohibiting a person from transporting or storing a firearm in a locked vehicle in any parking lot, parking garage, or other designated parking area.

(2) A private employer may prohibit an employee from transporting or storing a firearm in a vehicle in a parking lot, parking garage, or other parking area the employer provides for employees to which access is restricted or limited through the use of a gate, security station or other means of restricting or limiting general public access onto the property.

(3) This section shall not apply to vehicles owned or leased by an employer and used by the employee in the course of his business.

(Video) Mississippi Gun Laws Are Too Lenient

(4) This section does not authorize a person to transport or store a firearm on any premises where the possession of a firearm is prohibited by state or federal law.

(5) A public or private employer shall not be liable in a civil action for damages resulting from or arising out of an occurrence involving the transportation, storage, possession or use of a firearm covered by this section.

MISS. CODE ANN. § 45-9-57. Regulation of discharge of weapons within platted subdivisions; authorization; limitation

A county may regulate the discharge of any firearm or weapon, other than a BB gun, within any platted subdivision. However, no county may prohibit the discharge of any firearm or weapon on land, if such firearm or weapon is discharged in a manner not reasonably expected to cause a projectile from such firearm or weapon to travel across any property line without permission of the property owner.

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Purchase

No state permit is required for the purchase of any rifle, shotgun or handgun.

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It is unlawful for any person to sell, give or lend any firearm or pistol cartridge to any person whom he knows to be a minor or under the influence of alcohol.

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Range Protection

A person who operates or uses a sport-shooting range in this state is not subject to civil liability or criminal prosecution for noise or noise pollution.

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MISS. CODE ANN.§ 95-13-1. Sport-shooting ranges; noise pollution; objections to location; hearing procedures

(1) As used in this section, unless the context otherwise requires:

(a) “Local unit of government” means a county, municipality or other entity of local government;

(b) “Person” means an individual, proprietorship, partnership, corporation, club, or other legal entity; and

(Video) Mississippi Gun Laws

(c) “Sport-shooting range” or “range” means an area designed and operated for the use of rifles, shotguns, pistols, silhouettes, skeet, trap, black powder or any other similar sport shooting which complies with the provisions of subsection (3) of this section.

(2)(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, a person who operates or uses a sport-shooting range in this state is not subject to civil liability or criminal prosecution for noise or noise pollution resulting from the operation or use of the range if the range is in compliance with all noise control laws, resolutions, ordinances or regulations, issued by a local unit of government, that applied to the range and its operation at the time the range was constructed and began operation.

(b) A person who operates or uses a sport-shooting range is not subject to an action for nuisance, and a court of the state shall not enjoin the use or operation of a range on the basis of noise or noise pollution, if the range is in compliance with all noise control laws, resolutions, ordinances or regulations issued by a unit of local government that applied to the range and its operation at the time the range was constructed and began operation.

(c) A person who subsequently acquires title to or who owns real property adversely affected by the use of property with a permanently located and improved range shall not maintain a nuisance action against the person who owns the range to restrain, enjoin or impede the use of the range where there has not been a substantial change in the nature of the use of the range or by a person using the range.

(d) Rules or regulations adopted by any state department or agency for limiting levels of noise in terms of descried level which may occur in the outdoor atmosphere shall not apply to a sport-shooting range exempted from liability under this section.

(e) Notwithstanding any other provision of law to the contrary, nothing in this section shall be construed to limit civil liability except in the limited case of noise pollution.

(3)(a) In order to qualify for the limitation of liability afforded by this act, a sport-shooting range must be located wholly within a tract or parcel of land consisting of not less than three hundred twenty (320) contiguous acres. All persons owning property any part of which lies within one thousand (1,000) yards of any boundary of the sport-shooting range property shall have standing to appear and object to the location of the sport-shooting range at a hearing to be conducted by the Industrial Development Authority Board.

(b) The person seeking to operate the range and secure the limitation of liability afforded by this act shall bear the expense of the hearing and other costs associated therewith.

(c) Actual notice shall be afforded to all persons having standing to object if the identity and addresses of those persons can be determined by examining the property tax records of the county. Actual notice shall be made in writing mailed via first class mail, postage prepaid, not less than thirty (30) days prior to the date set for the hearing.

(d) Publication shall be made in a newspaper of general circulation in the county once a week for three (3) weeks, the first such publication to be made not less than thirty (30) days prior to the date of the hearing.

(e) Claims of persons who do not appear and object shall be barred as provided in this act.

(f) Notwithstanding any provision of this act to the contrary, the cause of action of any person owning property in the vicinity of the proposed range and having standing to object prior to the time of the hearing shall not be barred by the provisions of this act provided the property owner registers his complaint with the board at or before the hearing.

(4) The provisions of this section shall apply only in a county bordering the State of Tennessee wherein U.S. Highway 78 intersects State Highway 7 and in a county where U.S. Highway 61 and State Highway 4 intersect

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Footnote (1)

1 These firearms include: pistols, revolvers, rifles with barrels of less than 16 inches in length, shotguns with barrels of less than 18 inches in length, machine guns or any fully automatic firearms or a muffler or silencer for firearms.

FAQs

What is the difference between NRA and NRA-ILA? ›

The Institute for Legislative Action (ILA) is the lobbying arm of the NRA. Established in 1975, ILA is committed to preserving the right of all law-abiding individuals to purchase, possess and use firearms for legitimate purposes as guaranteed by the Second Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Does the NRA support gun control? ›

The NRA will support legislation that improves school security, promotes mental health services, and helps reduce violent crime. However, we will oppose this gun control legislation because it falls short at every level.

Can a non resident open carry in Mississippi? ›

Yes. Non-residents of the state can apply for Mississippi standard permits to carry firearms.

What does NRA and Ila stand for? ›

NRA-ILA. National Rifle Association Institute for Legislative Action. Copyright 1988-2018 AcronymFinder.com, All rights reserved.

What does AR in AR 15 mean? ›

modern sporting rifle. • The AR in "AR-15" rifle stands for ArmaLite rifle, after the company that developed it in. the 1950s. "AR" does NOT stand for "assault rifle" or "automatic rifle."

What happens when you join the NRA? ›

As an NRA member, you'll get an official NRA membership card, a free NRA decal, and a free subscription to one of the NRA's award-winning magazines. Plus, you'll receive valuable NRA 5-Star Benefits that put hundreds of dollars back in your pocket!

Does the NRA support the Second Amendment? ›

And, crucially, the NRA worked to push the idea that the Second Amendment protects individual rights, giving constitutional firepower to supporters of gun rights.

When did the NRA become anti gun control? ›

Decades later, in the legislative battle held in the aftermath of President John F. Kennedy's assassination and amid rising concerns about crime, the NRA opposed another national registry provision that would have applied to all firearms. Congress ultimately stripped it from the Gun Control Act of 1968.

What role does the NRA play in gun control? ›

The National Rifle Association is the largest and most powerful gun rights organization in the United States. The NRA heavily lobbies against gun control legislation and financially backs lawmakers who have historically not supported increased regulations.

Can I carry a gun in my car without a permit in Mississippi? ›

Mississippi permits the open carrying of a handgun in a motor vehicle without a permit or license. The Attorney General of Mississippi has opined that a person may legally transport a weapon within a vehicle, whether or not he or she has obtained a permit.

What states can you carry a gun without a permit 2021? ›

In 2021, as many as six states enact so-called constitutional carry laws - Utah, Montana, Iowa, Tennessee, Arkansas and Texas. For many decades, Vermont was the only state with these types of laws, which is why the practice is sometimes also referred to as “Vermont carry”.

Can you carry a gun without a permit in Mississippi? ›

Since Mississippi has permitless carry, any person who can legally possess a firearm may carry a concealed firearm on his or her person without a license or permit. All valid out-of-state weapons permits are recognized by Mississippi, regardless of the age of the permit holder.

Why is gun control so controversial? ›

Gun control is one of the most controversial and emotional issues in many countries, with the debate often centring on whether regulations on an individual's right to arms are an undue restriction on liberty and whether there is a correlation between guns and crime.

Why is the NRA important? ›

NRA stands for National Rifle Association. It was founded in 1871 by two US Civil War veterans as a recreational group designed to "promote and encourage rifle shooting on a scientific basis". In 1975, it formed a lobbying arm, the Institute for Legislative Action, to influence government policy.

How many members does the NRA have? ›

In a statement to CBS MoneyWatch, the NRA said that it has "approximately 5 million members." The group added that its efforts to defend gun rights are paying off.

What does the K in AK-47 stand for? ›

AK-47, also called Kalashnikov Model 1947, Soviet assault rifle, possibly the most widely used shoulder weapon in the world. The initials AK represent Avtomat Kalashnikova, Russian for “automatic Kalashnikov,” for its designer, Mikhail Timofeyevich Kalashnikov, who designed the accepted version of the weapon in 1947.

Why you don't need an AR-15? ›

Top 5 Reasons You NEED An AR-15 - YouTube

What does the M16 stand for? ›

Definition of M16

: a .223 caliber (5.56 millimeter) gas-operated magazine-fed rifle for semiautomatic or automatic operation used by U.S. troops since the mid 1960s.

What is the highest NRA membership? ›

The Patriot Membership is the highest level of the Sustaining Life Membership levels.

How much is a life membership in the NRA? ›

58 MONTHLY PAYMENTS OF $25.

What percent of the population supports gun control? ›

In March 2018, 67% of Americans supported stricter regulation of firearms sales, according to a Gallup poll with a margin of sampling error of +/- 4% at the 95% confidence level, the highest in any Gallup survey since 1993.

Why is the 2nd amendment written so poorly? ›

The Second Amendment seems especially confusing because its structure has been subject to syntactic change, not just changes to words or word meanings. Words change faster and more frequently than syntax, so they are easier to notice.

What does the NRA say about the 2nd amendment? ›

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

Are guns allowed at the NRA convention 2022? ›

No, guns aren't banned at the NRA's annual convention, but attendees can't carry during Trump's speech. The NRA did not ban guns from their annual meeting, but the Secret Service says guns can't be carried where and when former President Donald Trump will be speaking.

What does the NRA say about assault rifles? ›

In its efforts to stop restrictions on the production and sale of semi-automatic assault rifles, pistols, and shotguns, the National Rifle Association (NRA) has worked with members of America's gun industry to deceive the American public as to the special threat posed by assault weapons.

What is the NRA motto? ›

"I'll give you my gun when you pry (or take) it from my cold, dead hands" is a slogan popularized by the National Rifle Association (NRA) on a series of bumper stickers.

Is NRA membership declining? ›

Revenue from membership dues has plummeted nearly 43% from a record high in 2018, according to the 2021 financial assessment, pulling in just over $97 million -- down from nearly $120 million in 2020.

What legislation does the NRA support? ›

The NRA was a vocal supporter of the Mulford Act, a 1967 California law which banned the “open carry” of loaded firearms by anyone save law enforcement officers and other explicitly authorized persons. The law was a direct response to the Black Panthers' conspicuous exercise of their right to armed self-defense.

What legislation has the NRA opposed in recent years? ›

The National Rifle Association (NRA) has announced that it will not support the Senate gun safety legislation, saying the new bill will open the door to “unnecessary burdens on the exercise of Second Amendment freedom.”

What legislation does the NRA support? ›

The NRA was a vocal supporter of the Mulford Act, a 1967 California law which banned the “open carry” of loaded firearms by anyone save law enforcement officers and other explicitly authorized persons. The law was a direct response to the Black Panthers' conspicuous exercise of their right to armed self-defense.

What legislation has the NRA opposed in recent years? ›

The National Rifle Association (NRA) has announced that it will not support the Senate gun safety legislation, saying the new bill will open the door to “unnecessary burdens on the exercise of Second Amendment freedom.”

Did the NRA support the Mulford Act? ›

It passed the Senate (controlled by Democrats, 20:19) on July 26 by 29 votes to 7, and was signed by Governor Ronald Reagan on July 28, 1967. Both Republicans and Democrats in California supported increased gun control, as did the National Rifle Association of America.
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Mulford Act
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Third readingJuly 26, 1967
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What has NRA accomplished? ›

Since 1990: The NRA helped pass shall-issue carry laws and constitutional-carry laws across America, enabling Americans to lawfully carry firearms for personal protection in almost every state.

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