4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (2023)

Are you wondering what foxes eat? They have a diverse diet. They are excellent hunters catching and killing smaller animals that are below them in the food chain. Their prey includes rabbits, small birds, frogs, and rodents, among other small animals.

For this reason, you might assume they are carnivores, but the truth is that they are omnivorous. They feed on berries, fruits, and vegetables. For urban foxes, they tend to scavenge for leftover food in the dustbin.

Table of Contents

  • Foxes Habits and Biology
  • Do Foxes Eat Dirt?
  • What Do Foxes Like To Eat Most? (Fox diet)
  • Food to Avoid Feeding Foxes
  • Tips to Feed Foxes
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
  • Summary

Foxes Habits and Biology

Foxes live in diverse habitats, including mountains, grassland, forests, deserts, and the human environment, such as suburban areas and farms. Their resourcefulness has made them be recognized as the most cunning and intelligent animals in the juggle. Like cats, their thick tails help with balance, warm cover, and communication with other foxes.

How do animals know they are stepping into their enemies’ territory? Every animal has a distinctive manner in which they mark their habitat or home. For foxes, they mark their territory using their urine, faeces and scent. Scent can also be used during the breeding season to mark their reproductive status. How big is the foxes’ habitat? Their territory ranges between 2kms to 5kms. Their population density and food availability influence their habitat size. In some areas, there are more foxes than others, and in such a case, they will have a significant habitat compared to places they are few.

While foxes are omnivores, they are solitary hunters catching smaller animals like rodents and rabbits. They also eat fruits, vegetables and those living near the human environment scavenge for leftovers in the dustbins. They hide in their habitat during the day, which is usually a hole underground or a hole at a big tree. At nightfall, they leap out to go hunting and patrol their territory. They are generally described as opportunistic predators and scavengers.

In a day, they eat about 300g to 450g a diet comprising small prey such as birds, rabbits, and mice. Though they are omnivores, they only eat fruits and ground nuts when there is food scarcity. However, when food is abundant, they will hunt excess and bury them for seasons like winter when the food is scarce.

In early spring and during winter, foxes meet to mate. The gestation period usually lasts 51 to 53 days, and 2 to 12 cubs are born. Winning takes about four to six weeks. During this period, both parents take care of their young one before they can start hunting independently at the beginning of the fall when they are between 10 and 12 weeks. By the time they reach six months, they are independent. In one year, both males and female reach their sexual maturity, and they start to disintegrate from the family and move to a new environment to establish their own

Their population is primarily managed by various diseases such as parvovirus and distemper, predators higher in the food chain like the leopards and humans. Also, during food scarcity, foxes can feed on young and week foxes, thus reducing their population.

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Do Foxes Eat Dirt?

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (1)

Foxes are known to have a broad diet ranging from meat to fruits and nuts. They are also known to hunt excess food when abundant and bury it for when there is scarcity.

Such meat will get dirt from the soil, but foxes will still eat. They dig up the earthworms and groundnuts, which are generally covered in dirt, and eat them.

More so, city foxes and those living close to humans scavenge for food in the dustbin, packed with other dirt.

What Do Foxes Like To Eat Most? (Fox diet)

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (2)

1. Meat protein diet

Foxes’ diet is primarily made of meatproteins. They like cooked or raw meat. Though they are omnivores, they like hunting small animals like rabbits, rodents, and birds.

They hunt from evening through the night. For those living near the city or human habitats, if you want to feed them, you can give them cooked meat, and they will keep visiting your home.

2. Canned pet food

They also love tinned pet food like Pedigree chopped ground dinner wet dog food. These are dog food. If you have a dog, you can choose to share them with foxes visiting your home. You can also order specifically to feed the foxes.

3. Fruit and vegetables for foxes

Do foxes love fruits and vegetables? Foxes love vegetables like frozen vegetables, cherry tomatoes, and they would eat them all through the day. Several teaspoons of vegetables daily would do the trick for young foxes and large spoons of vegetables for bigger foxes.

How do I know if I am feeding a lot of vegetables to a fox? Observe their stool, and if you notice to compose a lot of vegetable matter, there higher chances you are feeding it a lot of veggies, and it is necessary to reduce them.

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Similarly, fruits like cherries and berries should not be provided as the main diet but rather as a treat.

4. Foxes love taurine

Taurine is a form of vitamin supplement necessary for fox’s health. It can be found in dog foods. If it is not part of the ingredients from the tin in which you are feeding your fox’s you can purchase taurine capsules.

For young foxes, about 500g daily is enough supplements, but adults might require more. However, this is not a requirement as they get vitamins from non-grain foods and small animals like mice, rodents, and insects.

Food to Avoid Feeding Foxes

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (3)

Before diving into the specific type of food that you should avoid feeding your fox, any food that can hurt a dog or a cat is poisonous to your fox.

1. Avoid feeding grains to foxes

While foxes are known as wild scavengers, they do not eat grains in the wild. Therefore, under no circumstances should you feed them with a diet comprising grains like oats, rice or wheat.

2. Fruits like grapes and raisins

These fruits are known to cause vomiting, kidney problems, and hypercalcemia in dogs and foxes. Since they are lethal to foxes, they should not be anywhere close to their diet.

3. Avoid feeding foxes’ with pepper, tomatoes or green eggplant

These types of fruits are known to contain toxins called glycoalkaloids. Even the leaves and stems of these plants should be avoided.

While after the fruits ripen, the toxins are said to leave the plant and are safe for animal consumption, the fruits still retain their toxins level, making them not suitable for foxes’ consumption.

However, tomatoes can be fed but at a controlled level to prevent toxins buildup.

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4. Avoid feeding green potatoes.

Green potatoes contain several toxins that are harmful to foxes. As such, care should be taken when storing potatoes to avoid being exposed to sunlight.

The potatoes should instead be stored in a light-proof sack. Any sprouting or green potatoes should not be part of the foxes’ diet as not even cooking can destroy the toxins.

5. Coffee and chocolate

When foxes are thirsty, let them take plain water and nothing else. Coffee, for instance, contains about 150mg of caffeine which is enough lethal doses to a fox.

Similarly, chocolate contains theobromine, a compound that is poisonous to many animals, including foxes.

Tips to Feed Foxes

Feeding wild animals is one way of getting closer to nature. Besides, when foxes are on the verge of becoming extinct due to numerous predators, including themselves, feeding can help them thrive.

Would you like to feed some foxes in your neighborhood, but you do not know how? The best way to feed foxes in your backyard is to try and give them the same diet they are used to in the forest.

A wild animal will always be wild, and no matter how much their diet might seem unsuitable, it is essential to maintain its neutrality as much as possible.

Feeding them with raw or cooked meat is excellent, and other canned pet foods and unsalted peanuts, fruits, and cheese. Below are some feeding tips:

  • Establish a feeding program that encourages foxes to visit your home at a specific time by leaving some food out in the garden or backyard. The fox will get used to the program when they visit any other time, and they find nothing.
  • Leave a bowl of water near the food.
  • Leave enough food but not too much to become lazy to search for its food and become dependent on you.
  • Feed them during seasons when their food is scarce in the wilderness, like during winter.
  • Regularly clean your feeding utensils to avoid contamination and the spread of diseases.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

4 Things Foxes Like To Eat (Diet, Care & Feeding Tips) (4)

1. Can foxes climb fences?

Yes, foxes have claws that enable them to climb up a fence of up to six feet high

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2. Can foxes jump up a fence?

Yes, foxes have the potential of jumping off a fence which is three meters high

3. Can foxes be pets?

No, despite their deceiving friendly appearances, do not make them your pet as wild animal will always be wild.

4. Can foxes swim?

Yes, foxes are like cats and can swim pretty well, and they truly do swim

5. Can foxes climb trees?

Yes, Foxes can climb up trees and especially the grey species

6. Can foxes eat chocolate?

No. Chocolate is poisonous to a fox and any animal of Canidae family.

7. Can foxes eat raw chicken?

Yes, foxes can eat chicken raw or cooked their primary diet is meat

8. Can foxes eat chicken bones?

Yes, foxes eat a wide variety of diet and can therefore eat chicken bone without any problem

9. Will foxes attack humans?

No, foxes are not a threat tohuman as they are higher in the food chain

10. Will foxes attack cats?

No, foxes belong to the same family as cats and therefore pose little or no threat to them

Summary

While foxes are omnivorous, you would expect them to eat fruit and vegetable only. However, they have a diverse diet which includes meat hunted at night and down.

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Meat is their primary food diet, and they only eat vegetables when there is scarcity. As such, there is a wide range of food that you can feed foxes, but some are poisonous and should be avoided. However, do not try to tame a fox as a wild animal will remain to be wild.

FAQs

What do foxes eat for their diet? ›

Foxes have a really diverse diet. They are expert hunters, catching rabbits, rodents, birds, frogs and earthworms as well as eating carrion. But they aren't carnivorous - they are actually omnivores as they dine on berries and fruit too.

What do foxes eat in a day? ›

Nonetheless, it is generally considered that a fox needs to eat roughly 500 grams (just over one pound) of food per day.

What is the main diet of a red fox? ›

Red foxes prefer rodents and rabbits, but they will also eat birds, amphibians, and fruit. Red foxes will also steal food from garbage cans or farms. Their ability to find food, even during the winter, is one reason why red foxes have a reputation for being cunning and smart. Red foxes mate in winter.

What do foxes eat in the city? ›

Urban foxes still hunt live prey on the streets of our towns and cities, including rodents and pigeons, but the majority of their diet comes from food discarded by humans. Food is plentiful for foxes in urban settings as households, shops and restaurants all provide a source of food waste which can become their meals.

What is a fox favorite food? ›

Red foxes eat a lot of plants including grasses, acorns, tubers, grains, and even fungi. Although Red foxes enjoy vegetation, in the autumn, they prefer to eat fruits. Cherry, persimmon, mulberry (blueberry), grape, plum, apple, and raspberry are some of their favorites.

How do you feed a fox? ›

Virtually anything. Being carnivores, they like cooked or raw meat and tinned pet food. Foxes also like other savoury items such as cheese, table scraps, bread soaked in fat, fruit and cooked vegetables. However, be aware that anything you put out for foxes could equally be taken by dogs, cats and other wildlife.

Do foxes eat rice? ›

Foxes do not eat grains in the wild; therefore, you should avoid feeding things like wheat, rice, oats, and other grain matter in their food. Since foxes instead eat small prey such as mice and birds that eat grains, this is how they get some of the carbohydrates they need.

Do fox eat frogs? ›

Foxes are omnivores and eat small mammals, birds, reptiles, frogs, eggs, insects, worms, fish, crabs, mollusks, fruits, berries, vegetables, seeds, fungi and carrion.

Can a fox eat eggs? ›

Foxes. Foxes generally carry eggs away from nests. They may then eat them or they will cache (bury) them for consumption later. The whole egg is taken in the mouth, crushed and the contents eaten.

Do foxes eat ants? ›

Foxes love to eat meat, and their favourite food is protein-based items. Foxes will hunt and love to feed on small rodents, birds, and insects. Foxes love to consume insects as well, and insects make up a large portion of a fox's diet.

Do fox eat apples? ›

Foxes like fruit and will eat most seasonal fruit, they seem to be especially fond of apples.

How much does a fox eat? ›

Diet: As an omnivore the fox eats invertebrates, fruits and vegetation, small birds and mammals. It eats between 1 and 2 lbs. each day.

What fruit do foxes eat? ›

Foxes will eat both wild and cultivated fruits (in some instances vegetables and crops, such as corn and barley, too) and those most commonly consumed include blueberries, blackberries, raspberries, cherries, persimmons, mulberries, apples, plums, grapes, dates, figs and even acorns.

Do fox eat snakes? ›

They are omnivores and eat almost anything they can find. This includes smaller animals such as rodents, rabbits, lizards, snakes, and amphibians. It also includes plant matter such as berries, nuts and seeds. With such a broad diet red foxes are sure to find something to eat in almost any environment.

Where do fox live and eat? ›

Foxes usually live in forested areas, though they are also found in mountains, grasslands and deserts. They make their homes by digging burrows in the ground. These burrows, also called dens, provide a cool area to sleep, a good location to store food and a safe place to have their pups.

Does fox eat fish? ›

Foxes eat small mammals, fish, birds, eggs, insects, berries, and insects. They typically hunt during the evening hours, making them a nocturnal species.

Will a fox eat a dead fox? ›

We know that foxes will kill other foxes and on rare occasions they may even eat the bodies, although this tends to happen only when conditions are very harsh. Fights are relatively common among foxes, but fights to the death are rare.

Can you feed fox? ›

The best way to feed foxes in your garden is to try and replicate their natural diet. Primarily this means meat protein so leave out cooked or raw meat, tinned dog food, or specially-formulated fox food like Wild Things. Your foxes will also be pleased with treats like unsalted peanuts, fruit and cheese.

Do foxes like spicy food? ›

They favour strong smelling or super sweet foods like fish, chicken, meant, and vegetables. There are a lot of DIY ways to repel foxes from your garden through just smell alone, this just shows how strong there sense of smell really is. They hate the following, Garlic, Chilli Peppers and Capsaicin.

Do fox eat cats? ›

Do foxes eat or attack cats, dogs or other pets? A typical adult cat is almost the same size as a fox and has a well-deserved reputation for self-defense, so foxes are generally uninterested in taking on cats. Kittens and very small (less than five pounds) adult cats, however, could be prey for a fox.

Does fox eat fruit? ›

Their diet also includes plant material and fruits like berries, apples, plums, pears, and acorns. At night, red foxes will prey on carrion, and may also target poultry farms. Foxes that live near urban populations will also eat rats, pigeons, or any trash they can find.

Do foxes eat chocolate? ›

They can't digest it. It can make them very sick and even kill them (though if you have been feeding chocolate to foxes, don't feel guilty.

Can foxes drink coffee? ›

Caffeine: The lethal dose of caffeine is 150mg per kg of body weight. Just keep coffee grinds, tea bags, mountain dew, etc. out of your pet's reach, and you'll be fine.

Does fox eat spider? ›

Beetles and other insects make up the fennec fox's diet, along with spiders, snakes and lizards. They will also eat small mammals including gerbils and jerboas.

Can a fox eat a mouse? ›

"Foxes are well known for preying on rats and mice and other rodents as well as taking slugs too," said Rescue Co-ordinator Trevor Weeks from WRAS, "I am amazed at the short sightedness of people when it comes to issues like pests.

Will a fox eat tomatoes? ›

Foxes love vegetables like frozen vegetables, cherry tomatoes, and they would eat them all through the day.

Do foxes eat bananas? ›

Certainly, if it manages to catch it. Foxes are carnivores and will eat any warm living animal it manages to catch.

Can foxes eat cooked potato? ›

The RSPCA “living with foxes” leaflet advises people that “cheese, boiled potatoes, raw chicken pieces, bread and table scraps” are suitable foods to put out to “help foxes living in the area”.

Can foxes eat bones? ›

Foxes will eat a wide range of foods. They are carnivores so like cooked or fresh meat and can cope with chicken bones without problem.

Do fox eat plants? ›

In general, foxes are omnivores, meaning, they can eat virtually anything that is good for food. However, the main reason why they dig up plants and vegetables is not that they want to eat them, but to reach the worms beneath them.

Do foxes eat lemons? ›

Foxes, on the other hand, do eat lemons - and apples and peaches and many other fruits too.

Do foxes eat any plants? ›

As mentioned above, foxes are omnivorous. This means they can eat a large variety of different foods including different types of wild grasses, mushrooms, berries, fruit, and grain. In terms of fruit, foxes seem to enjoy eating wild apples and blueberries in particular.

Do fox eats chicken? ›

The fox is the most feared chicken-killer. It is smart, sly and savvy, and it strikes when your guard is down. Unlike other predators, foxes leave little evidence of an attack, but they will just as cleanly pick off your chickens as any other predator.

Can a fox eat a carrot? ›

Yes, foxes eat carrots. Wild foxes eat carrots that they forage and foxes in captivity can be given carrots. Vegetables are usually given in amounts of teaspoons or tablespoons, a few teaspoons for small foxes like fennec foxes, and few tablespoons for larger foxes.

Can foxes eat pork? ›

Keep in mind, that while pet red foxes do best with raw meat, some meats should be avoided. Meats such as beef and pork are more likely to cause gout in foxes. Both are fattier and cause their organs to work harder, not to mention pork can sometimes be a host to parasites that can be harmful to foxes.

Do fox hide their food? ›

In snowy weather, when food may be hard to find, having some cached in the ground, in low holes in trees or other places may tide them over. Foxes, like this hungry little red fox, often hedge against starving by caching food in small portions throughout their territory.

Do foxes play with their food? ›

Playing with your food. Once the prey has been caught, the fox will sometimes 'play' with the animal before either eating it or letting it go.

How many chicken can a fox eat? ›

It's not unheard of for a fox to take upwards of 20 chickens in a single day.

Can fox eat a cupcake? ›

Allow access to a food store, a fox will eat cake, poultry pellets, milk powder or fish meal. Fruit is also eaten; gooseberries, raspberries, blackberries and anything else that takes their fancy.

What do foxes eat apples? ›

In the fall, it's fruit and berries like blackberries, apples and persimmons, plus acorns, sedges and tubers. What's their favorite fruit, though? Foxes seem to particularly enjoy eating wild apples. Foxes are mainly carnivorous, so most of their diet consists of small animals.

Do foxes eat sweet corn? ›

As MJ says, fox will eat not just sweetcorn, all sorts, including raspberries.

Do foxes eat turtles? ›

Foxes and Other Canines

Members of the canine family, especially foxes and coyotes, but occasionally wolves and domestic dogs, will opportunistically feed on turtle hatchlings and eggs. Foxes are adapted and well-known for sniffing out and digging up buried prey, including turtle nests.

Can foxes eat dry dog food? ›

Foxes eat a very varied diet in the wild; from earthworms, insects, fruits, wild birds, and small mammals. However, the urban fox is pretty happy to eat most things from tinned cat and dog food, dry complete dog biscuits, and any cooked vegetables or table scraps.

Can foxes eat rotten meat? ›

Eating rotten meat exposes foxes to a high dose of different pathogens which in theory should mean the fox frequently becomes ill. However, over time, the regular exposure to off meat and other foods has contributed to the red fox developing a more sophisticated immune system.

Is fox a cat or dog? ›

Biological Characteristics. The biological answer to whether foxes are cats or dogs is simple: they belong to the Canidae family, which means they are dogs.

Is fox a dog? ›

Foxes are small members of the family Canidae, which also includes dogs and wolves. Unlike dogs, no foxes in the US have been domesticated. All species of fox are considered wild animals, including red, gray, arctic, and Fennec foxes.

Do foxes bark? ›

Foxes also commonly bark, which is generally used as another type of contact call to reach out to friends or rivals, Harris said. The bark sounds similar to that of a dog, except slightly higher pitched and sometimes shrill.

› what-do-foxes-eat-what-foxes-... ›

It is a popular belief that foxes only feed on rabbits and from trash cans, but they actually eat quite a variety of food. So in this article, we're going t...
Do you know what do foxes eat? This article demonstrates the real facts about the foxes diet. In the wild, foxes can survive up to 10 years. However, due to roa...

What Do Foxes Prey On?

https://animals.mom.com › foxes-prey-on-4041
https://animals.mom.com › foxes-prey-on-4041
Popular culture gives the impression that foxes live on rabbits, but they actually eat a wide variety of food. They are highly adaptable and their diet varies w...

Will a fox eat a cat? ›

Do foxes eat or attack cats, dogs or other pets? A typical adult cat is almost the same size as a fox and has a well-deserved reputation for self-defense, so foxes are generally uninterested in taking on cats. Kittens and very small (less than five pounds) adult cats, however, could be prey for a fox.

What can I feed my wild fox? ›

When feeding foxes, we recommend high-quality grain-free dog food, like Acanna, raw meat like chicken, eggs, veggies, and fruit. you'll have to experiment with the plant matter, but berries and melon and squash they usually like. Do not feed Pork or cat food EVER. very minimal beef.

What is poisonous to foxes? ›

Strychnine is the best poison to kill foxes. However, permission may be required to use it. It can be added to a bait such as chunk of meat which when consumed by fox would result in death.

Do fox eat dogs? ›

Even for small dogs, it's a rare occurrence. However, you should definitely be aware of the potential danger and take steps to mitigate it. Foxes don't often attack and eat dogs, but any hungry wild predator could be a danger to any domesticated animal that's small enough to be a meal!

Will a fox eat a dead cat? ›

Yes, it has been mentioned by several vets that foxes find roadkill and may drag the cat back to their den or be opportunists and eat parts of the dead cat.

Do foxes bite? ›

Though they won't bite unprompted, foxes attack when they are rabid or protecting their young. Fox bites are painful and can get infected if they are not cleaned properly. Since the pests are known carriers of several diseases, including rabies, their bites also carry the threat of transmission.

Can you feed fox? ›

The best way to feed foxes in your garden is to try and replicate their natural diet. Primarily this means meat protein so leave out cooked or raw meat, tinned dog food, or specially-formulated fox food like Wild Things. Your foxes will also be pleased with treats like unsalted peanuts, fruit and cheese.

Do foxes like spicy food? ›

They favour strong smelling or super sweet foods like fish, chicken, meant, and vegetables. There are a lot of DIY ways to repel foxes from your garden through just smell alone, this just shows how strong there sense of smell really is. They hate the following, Garlic, Chilli Peppers and Capsaicin.

Can you feed foxes Rice? ›

Foxes do not eat grains in the wild; therefore, you should avoid feeding things like wheat, rice, oats, and other grain matter in their food. Since foxes instead eat small prey such as mice and birds that eat grains, this is how they get some of the carbohydrates they need.

What if my dog eats 1080? ›

Take your dog to your nearest veterinarian as soon as possible, do not to wait until symptoms occur. If there will be a delay in getting your dog to a veterinarian clinic, call the Animal Poisons Centre or nearest veterinarian for advice which may include a recommendation to induce vomiting before arriving at a vet.

Can foxes have chocolate? ›

Things you should NOT feed them are: - Chocolate: this tasty treat for humans is poisonous to canids. They can't digest it.

Do foxes fight to the death? ›

Fights are relatively common among foxes, but fights to the death are rare. One study of fox corpses by Bristol University found that only about 5% had died as a result of combat with other foxes, most during winter in the midst of the breeding season.

› red-fox-eating ›

Red foxes are carnivores. Because of their carnivorous diet, foxes eat many kinds of meat, but they also eat scavenged foods like fruits and nuts. Red foxes do ...

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